When Californians Will Get Covid-19 Boosters

Explaining the confusing guidance around the extra shots.,

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ImageA health care worker administered a Covid-19 vaccine at San Julian Park in Los Angeles last week.
A health care worker administered a Covid-19 vaccine at San Julian Park in Los Angeles last week.Credit…Caroline Brehman/EPA, via Shutterstock

There has been plenty of confusing guidance over the past 18 months as we have lived alongside the coronavirus, including shifting recommendations about face masks and the initial patchwork rollout of vaccines.

But particularly deserving of admission into the pantheon of mixed messages is the recent discussion around booster shots. Over the past several weeks, there has been tremendous back-and-forth about who most needs an extra dose of a coronavirus vaccine, when we should get one and whether it’s a good idea for anyone at all.

The debate has divided the scientific community, perhaps more than any other issue during the pandemic. After a flurry of conflicting recommendations late last week, here’s where things stand now:

A Pfizer-BioNTech booster has been approved for seniors as well as people at increased risk of contracting Covid-19 or experiencing severe disease. People are eligible for a booster starting six months after their second Pfizer shot — and many began receiving them on Friday.

In California, more than 23 million people are fully vaccinated, and a little more than half received the Pfizer vaccine (though not all are allowed a booster). Anyone who is eligible can make an appointment on the state’s website.

People who got Moderna or Johnson & Johnson aren’t currently able to get a booster dose. Below, I’m providing more details based on which vaccine you received and your risk levels:

You’re not yet eligible for another shot (unless you received Moderna and are immunocompromised — see below).

However, it’s possible that the Food and Drug Administration could authorize a Moderna or Johnson & Johnson booster in the coming days or weeks. Some experts have supported mixing and matching vaccine doses, though nothing has been authorized yet.

Americans who have received solid organ transplants and others with similarly compromised immune systems have been eligible since mid-August to receive a third dose of Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccines.

In California, roughly 260,000 of these third doses have been administered so far, according to state data.

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A woman waiting after receiving the Covid-19 vaccine at a clinic in Orange.Credit…Jae C. Hong/Associated Press

65 and older or live in a nursing home

You’re eligible for a booster shot if your last dose was more than six months ago.

The C.D.C. broke down its booster recommendations into two groups — people who should get the shot and people who can, “based on their individual benefits and risks.” This older population falls into the first category, because the data about waning immunity is most compelling for seniors.

For people 65 and older, the effectiveness of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine in preventing hospitalization dropped from 86 percent in the first five months to 73 percent in the next three, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported on Wednesday.

There was a 9 percentage point drop in the shots’ effectiveness for people 50 to 64 and no reduction among younger adults, the data shows.

between 18 and 64 and high risk for severe Covid-19 or a frontline worker

You’re eligible for a booster shot if your last dose was more than six months ago.

This group includes people with a broad range of conditions, including cancer, chronic kidney disease and obesity, as well as teachers, health care workers or people who have jobs that increase their exposure to Covid-19.

But not everyone in this category is at equal risk.

Federal officials recommend that people with underlying medical conditions who are 50 and older should get a booster shot, while they say that those between 18 and 49 can get a booster if they feel it’s right for them.

The guidance is stronger for the older population because there’s evidence the vaccine loses strength more quickly among these groups.

none of the above

You aren’t eligible for a booster yet. This means that, at the moment, there isn’t a lot of data showing that the benefits of a booster would outweigh the risks.

Of course, that’s subject to change.

For more:

  • Track the vaccine rollout in your county.

  • These health care workers would rather get fired than get vaccinated.

  • The Times’s editorial board weighs in on booster debate: “This is no way to end a pandemic.”


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A woman who recently left Texas to receive an abortion outside of her home.Credit…Callaghan O’Hare for The New York Times

With abortion largely banned in Texas, a clinic in Oklahoma has become inundated with patients.


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A California Highway Patrol officer watches flames visible from the Zogg fire.Credit…Ethan Swope/Associated Press
  • PG&E criminal charges: Prosecutors in Northern California filed criminal charges against Pacific Gas & Electric on Friday in connection with the deaths of four people last year in a wildfire that was linked to the utility’s equipment.

  • Helicopters: New, high-tech helicopters are the newest tool for fighting wildfires in California, CBS reports.

  • Zero-emission vehicles: Gov. Gavin Newsom has signed a bill requiring all light-duty autonomous vehicles statewide to emit zero emissions, according to TechCrunch.

  • Immigration law: Newsom signed a bill on Friday eliminating the use of the word “alien” in immigration law and moving to use “noncitizen” instead, reports The Sacramento Bee.

SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

  • Coronavirus cases: Public health officials have identified 211 coronavirus outbreaks at police or fire agencies throughout Los Angeles County since the pandemic began, according to The Los Angeles Times.

  • Copyright claims: The Walt Disney Company on Friday filed a flurry of lawsuits seeking to invalidate copyright-termination notices served by artists and illustrators involved with marquee characters like Iron Man, Spider-Man and Thor.

  • Obituary: Jay Sandrich, a prolific sitcom director who won Emmy Awards for the two series he worked on most often, “The Mary Tyler Moore Show” and “The Cosby Show,” died on Wednesday at his home in Los Angeles.

  • Pastor sentenced: A former Westminster pastor who pleaded guilty to mail and tax fraud has been sentenced to 14 years in prison, according to The Associated Press.

  • Wildfire home insurance: A moratorium ensuring home insurance for policyholders close to wildfires expired Saturday, leaving millions of homes vulnerable to losing protection, Bloomberg reports.

  • Air quality warning: An air quality advisory was issued for Monday for parts of Southern California because of drifting wildfire smoke, according to The San Bernardino Sun.

CENTRAL CALIFORNIA

NORTHERN CALIFORNIA

  • Fawn fire: Lighter winds and cooler temperatures over the weekend helped firefighters contain the Fawn fire, which has destroyed more than 100 buildings near Shasta Lake, The Associated Press reports.

    Plus, a woman from Palo Alto was charged with arson in connection with the wildfire.

  • Vaccine exemption denied: The N.B.A. has denied the request of Golden State’s Andrew Wiggins for a religious exemption from the coronavirus vaccine, which is required in San Francisco to attend large indoor events.

  • Cannabis at state fair: After being canceled two years in a row because of the pandemic, the state fair in Sacramento is slated to happen in 2022, Sacramento CBS Local reports. And there’s a new state-grown product that’s going to be judged: marijuana.


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Credit…Christopher Simpson for The New York Times

Five of the best quick dinner recipes.


Today’s travel tip comes from DonnaLynn Gingeresky, a reader who lives in Atascadero. DonnaLynn visited Death Valley National Park this summer:

“It is isolated and barren and it feels otherworldly. It is quiet and peaceful in these natural surroundings. The night sky and stars were amazing.”

Tell us about your favorite places to visit in California. Email your suggestions to CAtoday@nytimes.com. We’ll be sharing more in upcoming editions of the newsletter.


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Woody Faircloth donated a mobile home to Sheri Roen, who lost her home to wildfires.Credit…Noah Berger/Associated Press

Over the past few months, a man and his 9-year-old daughter have been driving from Denver to Northern California to provide R.V.s to people who lost their homes in wildfires.

“It’s people helping people,” the man told The Associated Press.


Thanks for reading. I’ll be back tomorrow. — Soumya

P.S. Here’s today’s Mini Crossword, and a clue: Long period of history (5 letters).

Briana Scalia and Mariel Wamsley contributed to California Today. You can reach the team at CAtoday@nytimes.com.

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