Repairing Generations of Trauma, One Lotus Flower at a Time

The lotus flower, blooming out of muddy waters, has long been a symbol of rising above suffering. In the wake of Anti-Asian attacks, spiritual leaders hope it can help heal the trauma of racial violence in the U.S.,

Credit…Rozette Rago for The New York Times

Repairing Generations of Trauma, One Lotus Flower at a Time

The lotus flower, blooming out of muddy waters, has long been a symbol of rising above suffering. In the wake of Anti-Asian attacks, spiritual leaders hope it can help heal the trauma of racial violence in the U.S.

Credit…Rozette Rago for The New York Times

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It is one of the oldest religious symbols: the lotus flower, blooming out of muddy waters.

The mud represents our suffering, pain and delusions, said Duncan Ryuken Williams, a Soto Zen Buddhist priest, retelling the ancient lesson. And the purpose of Buddhism is to rise above.

But there’s an even deeper metaphor: In pure water, a lotus flower will not grow.

It is in the mud that the nutrients are found.


“And so our liberation is actually not about transcending or distancing ourselves from trauma or pain and suffering, but it is to acknowledge how we can transform ourselves, our communities, our nation, our world, from all that pain,” he said.

This was the symbol at the heart of a national memorial ceremony in Los Angeles on Tuesday, offered by 49 Buddhist monastics, priests and lay leaders for healing amid recent anti-Asian violence across America.

They gathered 49 days after a gunman killed eight people including six Asian women at spas in the Atlanta area, to mark the moment many Buddhists believe the deceased transition to another realm. They met at a place of pain, a temple in Little Tokyo that had recently been vandalized in an arson attack.



“We join today to repair the racial karma of this nation, because our destinies and freedoms are intertwined,” said Dr. Williams, the chair of the University of Southern California’s School of Religion, who helped to organize the ceremony.

“And though the mountain of suffering is high and the tears of pain fill the deepest oceans, our path compels us to rise up like a lotus flower above muddy waters,” he said.

Together the ordained sangha, or clerics, chanted and offered mending rituals to heal what has been broken. Some 350 Buddhist temples and hundreds of individuals participated via livestream, from Hawaii to Nebraska to North Carolina.


It was a uniquely American, and uniquely modern, moment. The sangha represented the vast range of Buddhist lineages and ethnicities, including Chinese, Khmer, Korean and Vietnamese traditions, coming together as one spiritual community. A Mexican-American monk serving a Buddhist temple for the Thai community in North Hollywood shared a message in Spanish. About two-thirds of U.S. Buddhists are Asian-American, and many temples are increasingly multiracial.

In the 2,500-year history of Buddhism, ceremonies with such diverse participants across traditions are rare. Laotian Buddhists do not typically practice alongside Japanese Buddhists, or predominantly African-American or white Zen centers alongside immigrant Buddhist communities.



Buddhist philosophy has something to offer in this moment of fear, said Sister Kinh Nghiem, 38, a Vietnamese-American Buddhist nun who came to participate from Deer Park Monastery near Escondido, Calif.

“It is about bringing the human inside of us. Your suffering is also my suffering, and my suffering is no different than your suffering,” she said before the service. “If we are openhearted, we are in nirvana.”


The leaders lit candles in front of memorials, honoring ancestors. For Yong Ae Yue, 63, a Korean Buddhist mother killed in Atlanta. For Vicha Ratanapakdee, 84, an immigrant from Thailand who was fatally assaulted while taking a walk in San Francisco. For Chinese immigrant coal miners shot and killed in Wyoming in 1885.

For all beings who have lost their lives through racial or religious hatred. The Sikh victims in Indianapolis. The prayerful in synagogues. George Floyd.

They took a ceramic lotus blossom, cracked and broken. Instead of discarding it, they used thin paintbrushes to fill the fractures with liquid gold leaf, following the Japanese artistic practice of kintsugi. The golden lines record the broken history, and adorn it, Dr. Williams explained.


Credit…Rozette Rago for The New York Times

“The notion of repair has to do with acknowledgment,” he said. “You can’t become free if we do not acknowledge who we are in all of our hurt, in all of our imperfections, in all of our fractures.”

The final rite was a ritual of protection, found in Southeast Asian Buddhist traditions. The sangha took long thread, empowered with sacred intentions and emanating from the Buddha as represented on the altar. They connected it to one another and then processed outside to tie it to lanterns that had been broken and burned, binding all as one.

True repair goes beyond legislation, Dr. Williams explained. Trauma is in all of us, in our psyches and our bones, he said, some of it inherited and some of it our own.

“It is less about atoning for sin, and more about trying to take some responsibility based on awakening to the fact that we are multiple, we are interconnected, we are interlinked, and our destinies are very much intertwined, because that is how karma works,” he said.


Each of us is a like a precious mirror, a polished jewel, he said, cut in ways that teach and reflect.

Gathering like this, and moving forward, gets to the heart of what Buddhism is all about.

“What is Buddhism?” Dr. Williams asked. “Wisdom times compassion equals freedom.”

Wisdom: seeing things clearly, he said.

Compassion: suffering together, feeling one another’s difficulties, he said.

And then, freedom.

“Our liberation is actually not done alone,” he said.

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